Banking model of education

The concept of the banking model of education is a way of thinking initially studied by the Brazilian rationalist Paulo Freire in his 1968 book The Teaching Method of the Oppressed. The “banking” idea of schooling is a technology that educates and enables students to essentially store where the data that educators pass to them is stored. In a “bank” atmosphere, classrooms are organized so that students have a fundamental obligation to recall and accurately review data provided by educators. 

banking model of education

They didn’t get involved in a different way, but essentially sucked in the data. In this approach, the world is seen as static and immutable, and students are basically expected to squeeze into it for all intents and purposes. The dominance of financial philosophies in most school systems prevents students from creating the ability to make themselves rationally fundamental masterminds and continue to advance established tendencies in society.

What is the purpose of the student in the banking model of education?

Banking training targets students; problem-presenting guidance enables them to become basic scholars.


What are the roles of teacher and student in the banking model?

A banking model of education is an approach that treats students as holders of information stored by educators. This is a metaphor coined by Paolo Friere. Freire’s Western training generally sees educators as tyrants and substitutes as potential bystanders.

banking model of education

Advantages And Disadvantages Of the Banking model of education


The benefits of the banking model of education include:

Teacher Control: While the banking model of education treatment is overwhelmingly considered educationally poor practice, many educators may find it helpful to control underperforming classes. In this model, the educator is an authoritative power figure and actively engages with her team by preventing crosstalk or differences.

Multiplication of Values ​​and Culture: Through this banking model of education it is possible to demonstrate traditional and reliable qualities that should not be addressed, where very clear and verifiable insights are passed from teacher to student, with no room for changing habits.

Direct instruction is necessary: ​​There are several examples where direct instruction or “tell the student how it is” is essential. For example, fire and work environment safety are not points that can be learned through contemporary experiments.

banking model of education

A minority of students value structure: if we are to accept that different students learn differently, then, at this point, perhaps some students may actually prefer to learn through communication. Individuals may wish to make their data straightforward without uncertainty.


Disadvantages of the banking model of education include:

Lack of critical thinking: When educators expect students to acknowledge that their statements are undeniable facts, there is no extension to the use of mental capacity to evaluate incoming data. Students are denied the opportunity to practice the critical reasoning skills expected of careers in the information economy of the 21st century.

Lack of creativity: When students are deprived of opportunities to think independently, they will never develop creative reasoning and critical thinking skills. As Freer put it: “Banking schooling anesthetizes and stifles the imagination” (Freer, 1970, p. 80).

Power imbalances are reproduced: In financial models, power is in the hands of educators, and students have no opportunity to address authority issues. Friere believes that ordinary school students are educated to acknowledge their low status on the planet.

Who Was Paolo Friere?

Paolo Friere is a Brazilian lecturer, Christian communist, political extremist and researcher. He was brought into this world in 1921 and kicked the bucket in 1997.

banking model of education

After his father’s death, Freer’s young family fell into poverty. The battles he fought in school and later began to learn in poverty shaped his Marxist political convictions.

He went to law school in Recife, where he focused on ways of thinking and dialects. After school, he decided to become an educator instead of continuing to pursue supervision.

He rose to the position of education supervisor at a university in Recife, where he was responsible for training the poor in Brazil.

The conservatives were overthrown in 1964, and the government threatened Flair’s instructions. The new government detained him for 70 days before he fled the country. He spent the remainder of his career abroad, authoring several books, including his most famous book, The Pedagogy of the Oppressed.

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