Flagstar Bank is a bank headquartered in Michigan. It is the primary subsidiary of Flagstar Bancorp, Inc., a bank holding company. It is one of the largest residential mortgage servicers and is on the list of largest banks in the United States.
On April 26, 2021, New York Community Bank issued a press release indicating that they were acquiring Flagstar Bank in an all-stock strategic merger.
History of Flagstar Bank
- First Security Savings Bank was founded as a federal savings bank in 1987. The chairman of the bank was Thomas J. Hammond. The initial branch focused on funding regional retail and wholesale mortgage operations.
- In 1993, FSSB Holding Corporation, a bank holding company was established.
- In 1994, the company acquired Security Savings Bank, based in Jackson, Michigan.
- In 1996, the company changed its name to Flagstar-Bank.
- In 1997, the company became a public company via an initial public offering.
- In 2001, it moved its stock listing from the NASDAQ to the New York Stock Exchange.
- During the financial crisis of 2007-2008, the company raised $1.6 billion in new capital with investments from MP Thrift Investments L.P., the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), and public offerings.
- Flagstar effected 1:10 reverse stock splits in 2010 and 2012 to maintain its New York Stock Exchange listing.
- The U.S. Department of Treasury sold its preferred stock of Flagstar to private investors in 2013.
- In May 2013, Flagstar paid a $110 million settlement to MBIA.
- In June 2013, Flagstar reached a $105 million settlement with Assured Guaranty related to its RMBS. Flagstar paid a $93.5-million settlement to Fannie Mae in November 2011, and $8.9 million to Freddie Mac regarding its RMBS mortgage repurchase obligations in December 2013. In September 2014, Flagstar agreed to pay $37.5 million to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.
- In 2013, the company sold a $1.3 billion commercial loan portfolio to CIT Group.
- In August 2016, the bank repaid all of the funds it received under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP).
- Flagstar-Bank was the jersey sponsor of the Detroit Pistons of the National Basketball Association for the 2017-18 NBA Season.
- In March 2018, the bank acquired 8 branches in San Bernardino County, California from Desert Community Bank. The company also acquired a mortgage warehouse loan portfolio from Santander Bank.
- In December 2018, Flagstar acquired all 52 branches of Wells Fargo in Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio as well as four in Wisconsin. However, numerous issues plagued Flagstar during the transfer, several of which were caused by its main website experiencing technical glitches. Flagstar waived fees, added staff, and published an email address where customers could send concerns to alleviate issues. The bank said most issues were resolved by the end of the week.
- In January 2019, the company initiated a dividend.
Community of Flagstar Bank
In September 2016, Flagstar-Bank announced plans for a $10 million, a 5-year economic development program for Pontiac, Michigan. The initiative is aimed at helping revitalize Oakland County city. The program includes $5 million for home mortgages including a customized home loan product for Pontiac residents, $2.5 million for small businesses and start-ups, $1.5 million for the previously announced naming rights of the Flagstar Strand Theatre for the Performing Arts along with an investment of $1 million for financial literacy in the community.
Management in Flagstar Bank
Thomas J. Hammond, the founder of Flagstar, served as chairman of Flagstar-Bank and Flagstar Bancorp. Mark Hammond became president of the bank in 1995 and CEO in 2002.
In 2009, former CEO of Sovereign Bancorp Joseph P. Campanelli was named chairman, president, and CEO of Flagstar-Bank and Flagstar Bancorp.
In 2012, Michael J. Tierney, previously executive vice president and managing director of personal financial services at Flagstar, became president and CEO of the organization. John D. Lewis, former vice chairman and director of Comerica, was named chairman. Alessandro P. DiNello became president, CEO, and director of the organization in 2013.
Flagstar Bank Controversy
On February 24, 2012, the United States Department of Justice filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against the bank, alleging that it had been improperly approving thousands of residential home mortgage loans for government insurance. In February 2013, a U.S. District Court in Manhattan found that the bank had materially breached contracts specifying the quality and characteristics of loans to be packaged into the securities.